My father was born in Molfetta, Puglia in the South. My Mom's mother and father came from Naples. Both spoke dialects of Italian. My mother often said that my father's dialect was so different from hers that she couldn't understand certain words. If you watch the Godfather, especially the scenes in GF II showing Vito Corleone as a young man, you can hear this sort of dialect... albeit Sicilian. The words in the South are often totally different. Lots of slang is used. Liaisons happen... Usually, the end of one word attaches to the beginning of the next word. Beginnings of words are often omitted. Even Italians consider these dialects like another language... for example, the announcements on the train from Bari to Rome are in English, Italian and "Dialetto". Dialect sounds nothing like regular Italian down South.
Now, add to all this the fact that Italian immigrants in American spoke a sort of second hand Italian dialect, much was lost to misunderstood pronunciations and the fact that many (like my parents) didn't want to speak Italian in the home. When I asked why my parents didn't teach us Italian, they said they wanted an "All-American" home for us. Even today in the South parents don't want their children to speak Dialect when they move to the big cities in Italy. They are looked down upon for speaking it by Northern Italians. What a shame... These dialects are what makes Italian so interesting.
Here are a collection of words and phrases that I grew up with... spelled phonetically:
Mopeen Dish Cloth, Rag
Agida/Agita Acid indigestion caused by someone aggravating you
Googootz A fool
Cabbadost Thick head/stubborn
sfatcheem a Jerk
Stroonz an Ass
Stroonz-a-medz Half ass
A-fa Nabalee Get out of Here/Go to Naples
Facha-broot Ugly face
Dees-Gradseeyad You disgrace!
Stata-Geet Shut Up
Jadrool Lazy bum (cucumber)
Ooo-Fah I've had it/I'm fed up
TooSay Batz You're crazy
Bock-owz Bathroom/stink house
Kay-Gotz What the F*ck
Gotzo What Balls
Ah-Va-Fan-gool Go f*ck yourself
Pasta-vazool Pasta fagioli (bean soup)
Gobba-ghool Capicola (a type of cold cut meat)
ComoseeCyam? What do you call it?
Keh -sa-deech? How are you?
Mal-yOke Evil eye
Manageya Damn it/Curse it
Managutt Manicotti (pasta)
Madone! Madonna! (exclamation)
Medz-a-medz So-so/half and half/not so much
Mutzarelle Mozzarella cheese
Naboleedahn Neapolitan/someone from Naples
Pitza-gaina Egg-meat pie
Rigutt Ricotta cheese
Scarole Escarole/Cash money
StuGotz Screw it/F*ck it
Vena Ka Come here
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